Chamomile belongs to family asteraceae and its botanical name is anthemis noblis and is reputed as medicinal plant. It is a low growing plant, root is perennial stems are freely branching leaves are divided into thread like segments which gives whole plant a feathery appearance. The fruit is small & dry. The whole plant is grayish green in color.
Oil is obtained by steam distillation of flowers of the chamomile palnt. There are two types of camomlie one is roman chamomile (Anthem nobilis) & another is german chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla). Both the varities differ in components.
Chamomile Oil is grey or very pale blue & its aroma is bright, sweet fruity & herbaceous.
The main chemical components of Chamomile oil are a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, 1,8-cineole, y-terpinene, caryophyllene, and propyl angelate and butyl angelate. The main constituents of German chamomile oil are chamazulene, a-bisabolol, bisabolol oxide A, bisabolol oxide B and bisabolone oxide A.
It blends well with Bergamot, clary sage, lavender, jasmine, grapefruit, lemon, lime & ylang ylang oil.
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