Neem tree also called as Azadirachta indica is a native to India & is also called Indian lilac. It is a fast growing tree and reaches up to height of 131ft, and its branches are wide, flowers are white in color and fruit is smooth olive like drupe. Neem leaves are dried in India & placed in cupboards & stored rice to avoid damage to clothes & rice. The tender shoots & flowers of neem tree are eaten in India. Neem oil is also used for healthy hair, to improve liver function. It is used to treat skin diseases like eczema, psoriasis.
Neem is drought resistant; it can grow in different types of soils but it thrives best on well drained & sandy soils. It is a key ingredient in non pesticidal management. The twigs are also used as a toothbrush. Tree is of great for its anti desertification properties.
Neem oil is obtained by cold pressing of fruits & seeds of neem tree.
It varies in color from golden yellow to greenish brown or bright red. It is bitter in taste & garlic/sulfur smell.
The oil comprises mainly of triglycerides and large amounts of triterpenoid compounds. It furthermore contains steroids (campesterol, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol) and triterpenoids of which Azadirachtin is the most well known.
It blends well with sandalwood, cedarwood & Geranium oil.