Eucalyptus belongs to myrtle family, myrtaceae. It is also known as gum tree. There are 400 different species of eucalyptus. A mature eucalyptus take the form of a low shrub or very large tree, nearly all eucalyptus are evergreen. Eucalyptus leaves are covered with glands. Four leaf phases are recognized in development of Eucalyptus plant: the seeding, juvenile, intermediate & adult phases. It has distinctive flowers & fruits. Flowers have numerous stamens (white, cream, yellow pink or red). The appearance of Eucalyptus bark varies with age of plant, most eucalyptus is intolerant of frost.
Eucalyptus is the most common source for pulpwood to make pulp. Eucalyptus oil is steam distilled from the leaves and is used for cleaning, as an antiseptic and may other uses. The nectar of eucalyptus produces high quality mono-floral honey. All parts of eucalyptus are used to make dyes.
Synonyms: Eucalyptus oil, Eucalyptus globules, Tasmanian gum, gum tree, bark tree.
Botanical Name: Eucalyptus globules
Part Used: Wood and leaves
Color: colorless to Pale Yellow
Viscosity: Watery in Viscosity
Perfumery Note: Aromatic & camphoraceous
Shelf Life: Two years
Refractive Density: 1.458-1.470
Eucalyptus oil is extracted by the mode of steam distillation from young leaves and twigs.
The main chemical components of Eucalyptus oil are beta pinene, alpha pinene, alpha phellandrene, 1-8 cineole, limonene, terpinen-4-ol, globulol, piperitone, epiglobulol and aromadendrene.
Eucalyptus oil blends with benzoin, lavender, thyme, lemongrass, pine & lemon oil.