Mentha also known as mint are aromatic, perennial herb which are wide spreading underground & have erecting branched stems. Flowers are white to purple. The leaves are egg shaped. It grows up to 120 cm tall. There are about 25-30 varieties in mint most commonly used are mentha arvensis, mentha piperita & mentha spicata. It grows best in wet environment & moist soils. They are good companion plant. All mint contains menthol which gives mint cooling, cleansing effect. It is cultivated in India in semi temperate regions in foothills of Himalyas in Punjab, H.P, U.P & Bihar.
DESCRIPTION & PROPERTIES:
Synonyms: Mentha Piperita, Mint oil, Mentha Arvensis
Botanical Name: Mentha arvensis
Part Used: Leaves Color: Colorless pale yellow to greenish yellow
Viscosity: Watery in viscosity
Perfumery Note: Characteristic odor
Shelf Life: Two years
Refractive Density: 1.456-1.470
Optical Rotation: -16Â° to -34Â°
Mint Oil Extraction Process:
Mint oil is extracted from whole plant just above the ground before flowering. Fresh and partly dried plant is used to extract the oil through the mode of steam distillation.
MINT OIL COMPONENTS:
Mint oil has high menthol content. The oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters, particularly menthyl acetate. Dried peppermint typically has 0.3-0.4% of volatile oil containing menthol (7-48%), menthone (20-46%), menthyl acetate (3-10%), menthofuran (1-17%) and 1,8-cineol (3-6%).
Mint oil also contains small amounts of many compounds like limonene, pulegone, caryophyllene and pine.
Mint Essential Oil Blends well With:
Mint oil blends with Basil, Benzoin, Black pepper, cypress, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Grapefruit, Juniper, Lavender oil, lemon, Marjoram, Niaouli, Pine, Ravansara, Rosemary, & Tea tree.
19 SURPRISING USES AND BENEFITS:
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