Mentha also known as mint are aromatic, perennial herb which are wide spreading underground & have erecting branched stems. Flowers are white to purple. The leaves are egg shaped. It grows up to 120 cm tall. There are about 25-30 varieties in mint most commonly used are mentha arvensis, mentha piperita & mentha spicata. It grows best in wet environment & moist soils. They are good companion plant. All mint contains menthol which gives mint cooling, cleansing effect. It is cultivated in India in semi temeperate regions in foothills of Himalyas in Punjab, H.P, U.P & Bihar.
DESCRIPTION Synonyms: Mentha Piperita, Mint oil, Mentha Arvensis. Botanical Name: Mentha arvensis Part Used: Leaves Color: Colorless pale yellow to greenish yellow Viscosity: Watery in viscosity Perfumery Note: Characteristic odor Shelf Life: Two years Density: 0.888-0.910 Refractive Density: 1.456-1.470 Optical Rotation: -16° to -34°
EXTRACTION Mint oil is extracted from whole plant just above the ground before flowering. Fresh and partly dried plant is used to extract the oil through the mode of steam distillation.
COMPONENTS Mint oil has high menthol content. The oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters, particularly menthyl acetate. Dried peppermint typically has 0.3-0.4% of volatile oil containing menthol (7-48%), menthone (20-46%), menthyl acetate (3-10%), menthofuran (1-17%) and 1,8-cineol (3-6%).
Mint oil also contains small amounts of many compounds like limonene, pulegone, caryophyllene and pine.
BLENDING Mint oil blends with Basil, Benzoin, Black pepper, cypress, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Grapefruit, Juniper, Lavender, lemon, Marjoram, Niaouli, Pine, Ravansara, Rosemary, & Tea tree.
• It is used as a food flavoring.
• It is used to relive from stomach disorder.
• It is used as ingredient in cough drops.
• It is used as an ingredient in inhalators.
• It is used in mouthwashes, and toothpastes.
• It is also used in flavoring cigarettes.
• It has antiseptic, carminative, stimulant & diuretic properties.
• It is used to get relieve from diseases of liver, spleen, asthma etc.
• It has antispasmodic properties.
• It is used in jaundice.
• It is given frequently to stop vomiting.
• It is used for colic cramps, dyspepsia, spastic colon, flatulence and nausea and can relieve pain in case of toothache, aching feet, rheumatism, neuralgia, muscular pain and painful periods.
• Mint oil is used to relieve skin irritant and itchiness and also helps to reduce skin redness where inflammation is present.
• It is used for dermatitis, acne ringworm and scabies.
• Mint oil also gets rid of bed aroma and leaves room fresh
• In addition to its great aroma it is also used as insect replant
• It is used in shampoo which helps directly to reduce dandruff and promotes hair growth.
• Mint oil is an active ingredient in many lip balms and chap sticks due to its cooling and refreshing effect.
• This oil is especially soothing and nourishing for windblown or sunburned lips.
SAFETY & PRECAUTIONS In case of Skin Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give Ingetion: Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Mint oil may prove toxic if used in large amount. It may cause skin irritation, eye irritation, respiratory tract irritation & digestive tract irritation.